How to Become Eye Specialist (Ophthalmologist) in Pakistan

Are you passionate about eye health and vision care? Becoming an ophthalmologist could be your path to making a meaningful impact. In Pakistan, where eye-related issues are prevalent, skilled eye specialists play a crucial role in preserving sight and enhancing quality of life.

In this article, we’ll guide you through the steps, requirements, and opportunities to become an ophthalmologist. Whether you’re a student exploring career options or someone seeking to switch professions, let’s dive into the fascinating world of eye care!

How to Become an Ophthalmologist in Pakistan: Step-by-Step Guide

Becoming an eye specialist in Pakistan is a step-by-step process that requires dedication and specific educational milestones. Here’s a detailed guide to help you navigate your journey to becoming an eye specialist:

How to become ophthalmologist in Pakistan: Guide

Step 1: Intermediate Education

To start your journey towards becoming an ophthalmologist, you need to complete your intermediate education. This usually involves studying pre-medical subjects, including Biology, Chemistry, and Physics.

Step 2: Bachelor’s Degree in Medicine and Surgery

After completing your intermediate education, you need to enroll in a reputable medical college or university to obtain a Bachelor’s Degree in Medicine and Surgery (MBBS). This is a five-year program that provides you with a solid foundation in medical sciences.

Step 3: Completion of House Job

Once you have obtained your MBBS degree, you must complete a one-year house job in a hospital. During this period, you will gain practical experience in various medical specialties, including ophthalmology.

Step 4: Specialization in Ophthalmology

After completing your house job, you can choose to specialize in ophthalmology. This involves further training and education in the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders.

Step 5: Postgraduate Degree in Ophthalmology

To become a certified ophthalmologist, you need to obtain a postgraduate degree in ophthalmology. In Pakistan, this is usually a four-year training program offered by various medical universities.

Step 6: PMDC Registration

Once you have completed your postgraduate degree, you must register with the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC) to practice as an ophthalmologist in Pakistan.

Step 7: Continuous Medical Education

As a practicing ophthalmologist, it is essential to stay updated with the latest advancements in the field of ophthalmology. This involves participating in ongoing medical education programs and attending conferences and workshops.

Step 8: Patient Interaction and Practice

Finally, as a certified ophthalmologist, you will be responsible for diagnosing and treating various eye conditions and disorders. Patient interaction and practice are essential aspects of your role, and you will have the opportunity to make a significant difference in the lives of your patients.

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Pre-Requisites for Admission

Before you can embark on your journey to becoming an ophthalmologist in Pakistan, there are certain prerequisites you need to fulfill for admission into a medical college or university. Here’s what you need to know:

Eligibility Criteria for BS Optometry

  • To pursue a career in ophthalmology, many students opt to first complete a Bachelor of Science (BS) in Optometry.

  • The eligibility criteria for BS Optometry typically include completing your intermediate education with pre-medical subjects (Biology, Chemistry, and Physics).

  • Different universities may have specific requirements, so it’s essential to check the eligibility criteria of the institution you wish to apply to.

Course Details and Subjects

  • The BS Optometry program usually spans over four years and includes both theoretical and practical training in optometry.

  • Some of the core subjects covered in the BS Optometry program include Anatomy, Physiology, Optics, Ocular Diseases, Contact Lens, and Clinical Optometry.

  • The program is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the visual system and its disorders.

Fee Structure for BS Optometry

  • The fee structure for the BS Optometry program varies from institution to institution.

  • Generally, the fee includes tuition fees, examination fees, and other miscellaneous charges.

  • Many universities offer scholarships and financial aid to deserving students to help them pursue their education.

Main Tasks and Responsibilities of an Ophthalmologist

As an ophthalmologist in Pakistan, you will have a crucial role in preserving and improving the vision health of individuals in your community. Here’s a closer look at the main tasks and responsibilities of an ophthalmologist:

What does an Ophthalmologist do?

Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of eye disorders and diseases.

They are trained to perform eye examinations, diagnose eye conditions, prescribe medications, and perform surgical procedures when necessary.

Ophthalmologists also play a key role in educating patients about eye health and preventive measures to maintain good vision.

Role of Doctor of Optometry in Pakistan

A Doctor of Optometry (OD) in Pakistan plays a vital role in providing primary eye care services to patients.

They are trained to perform comprehensive eye examinations, prescribe corrective lenses, diagnose common eye conditions, and provide pre-and post-operative care for patients undergoing eye surgery.

Doctors of Optometry may work independently or as part of a multidisciplinary team alongside ophthalmologists and other eye care professionals.

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Career Opportunities and Institutions

If you’re considering a career as an ophthalmologist in Pakistan, you’ll find a range of career opportunities and institutions to support your journey. Here’s what you need to know:

Career Prospects for Ophthalmologists

  • As an ophthalmologist in Pakistan, you’ll have a wide range of career opportunities available to you.

  • You can choose to work in government or private hospitals, or eye clinics, or start your private practice.

  • Ophthalmologists are also in demand in academic institutions, research centers, and non-profit organizations focusing on eye health.

Institutions for Optometry Training in Pakistan

  • Several institutions in Pakistan offer training in optometry to help you become a Doctor of Optometry.

  • One prominent institution is the Pakistan Institute of Ophthalmic Studies (PIOS) located at Al Shifa Eye Trust Hospital in Rawalpindi.

  • PIOS offers comprehensive training programs in optometry, including both theoretical and practical training, to prepare you for a career in eye care.

Other Universities and Colleges offering Optometry Training

  • In addition to PIOS, several other universities and colleges in Pakistan offer optometry training programs.

  • Some of these institutions include the Allama Iqbal Medical College in Lahore, the Dow University of Health Sciences in Karachi, and the Institute of Public Health in Lahore.

  • These institutions provide quality education and training in optometry to help you kick-start your career in eye care.

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Q1: What educational qualifications are required to become an ophthalmologist in Pakistan?

You must first complete your intermediate education (12 years of schooling) with a pre-medical background. This includes courses in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. You can also pursue F.Sc or A levels. Admission to medical college is highly competitive, so students need to work hard to secure a seat.

Q2: What is the next step after completing intermediate education?

After completing your intermediate education, you need to obtain a Bachelor’s Degree in Medicine and Surgery (MBBS) from a recognized medical college in Pakistan. The MBBS program typically lasts five years and covers various subjects related to medicine and surgery.

Q3: What is a house job, and why is it important for aspiring ophthalmologists?

After obtaining your MBBS degree, you must complete a one-year house job. During this training program, you work as an intern in a hospital under the supervision of senior physicians. It provides practical experience in various medical specialties, including ophthalmology.

Q4: How can I specialize in ophthalmology?

To specialize in ophthalmology, you must obtain a postgraduate degree. In Pakistan, there are two types of postgraduate degrees in ophthalmology: Doctor of Medicine (MD) and Master of Surgery (MS). The MD program typically lasts three years, while the MS program is two years long. These programs focus on advanced ophthalmology training.

Q5: What steps are involved after obtaining a postgraduate degree?

After completing your postgraduate degree, you need to register with the Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PMDC). Additionally, ongoing medical education is essential to stay updated with the latest advancements in ophthalmology. Finally, building strong patient relationships and providing quality care are crucial aspects of an ophthalmologist’s practice.


Becoming an ophthalmologist in Pakistan is a fulfilling journey that requires dedication, education, and training. By following the step-by-step guide outlined in this article, you can achieve your dream of becoming an eye specialist and making a difference in people’s lives.

With a solid educational foundation, specialized training, and a commitment to continuous learning, you’ll be well-equipped to provide quality eye care services to individuals in your community. Start your journey today and embark on a rewarding career in ophthalmology in Pakistan.

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